Section Nineteen

Intercorporate/International R&D

Partnerships, Collaborations and Alliances

 

TOPICS COVERED IN THE SECTION INCLUDE:


Modified: January 22, 2017

Abbott, Mark, Geddes, Barbara and Jones, Joseph, "Lessons from Canadian R&D Consortia", in Managing Technology in a Competitive International Environment, Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Engineering Management, Toronto, ONT., September 10-13, 1989, pp. 251-257

Acs, Z.J., "High Technology Networks in Maryland: A Case Study", Science and Public Policy, Vol. 17, No. 5, October, 1990, pp. 315-325

Aggeri, Franck, "Environmental Policies and Innovation", Research Policy, Vol. 28, No. 7, September, 1999, pp. 699-717

Ahlstrom, David, Young, Michael N., Ng, Frankie M.C. and Chan, Christine M., "High Technology and Globalization Challenges Facing Overseas Chinese Entrepreneurs", SAM Advanced Management Journal, Vol. 69, No. 2, Spring, 2004, pp. 28-37

Ajami, Riad and Arch, Gail, "Cooperating to Compete: Using Technology to Link the Multinational Corporation and the Country", International Journal of Technology Management, Vol. 5, No. 2, 1990, pp. 165-177

Albertini, Sergio and Butler, Jeff, "R&D Networking in a Pharmaceutical Company: Some Implications for Human Resource Management", R&D Management, Vol. 25, No. 4, October, 1995, pp. 377-393

Albino, Vito, Garavelli, A. Claudio and Schiuma, Giovanni, "Knowledge Transfer and Inter-firm Relationships in Industrial Districts: the Role of the Leader Firm", Technovation, Vol. 19, No. 1, 1998, pp. 53-63

Alcorta, Ludovico, Plonski, Guilherme A. and Rimoli, Celso A., "The Experience of Technological Collaborations by MERCOSUR Companies", Technology Analysis & Strategic Management, Vol. 10, No. 3, September, 1998, pp. 341-362

Aldrich, Howard E. and Sasaki, Toshihiro, "R&D Consortia in the United States and Japan", Research Policy, Vol. 24, No. 2, March, 1995, pp. 301-316

Alic, J.A., "Cooperation in R&D", Technovation, Vol. 10, No. 5, July, 1990, pp. 319-332

Aloysius, John A., "Membership in a Research Consortium: The Project Selection Game" , Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, Vol. 40, Issue 3, 1999, pp. 325-336

Ambos, Bjorn and Ambrose, Tina C., "Meeting the Challenge of Offshoring R&D: An Examination of Firm - and Location - Specific Factors", R&D Management, Vol. 41, No. 2, March, 2011, pp. 107-119

Amesse, Fernand, Latour, Robert, Rebolledo, Claudia and Sequin-Dulude, Louise, "The Telecommunications Equipment Industry in the 1990s: From Alliances to Mergers and Acquisitions", Technovation, Vol. 24, No. 11, November, 2004, pp. 885-897

Amesse, Fernand, Dragoste, Liliana, Nollet, Jean and Ponce, Silvia, "Issues on Partnering: Evidences from Subcontracting in Aeronautics", Technovation, Vol. 21, No. 8, September, 2001, pp. 559-569

Amir, Rabah, "Modeling Imperfectly Appropriable R&D via Spillovers", International Journal of Industrial Organization, Vol. 18, No. 7, 2000, pp. 1013-1032

Andersen, Poul H., "Knowledge versus Learning in Internationalization of Offshoring Activities in China: A Case Study", Journal of Engineering and Technology Management, Vol. 25, No. 3, September, 2008, pp. 184-199

Andersen, Poul H., "Organizing International Technological Collaboration in Subcontractor Relationships: An Investigation of the Knowledge-stickiness Problem", Research Policy, Vol. 28, No. 6, 1999, pp. 625-642

Anderson, Erin, "Two Firms, One Frontier: On Assessing Joint Venture Performance", Sloan Management Review, Vol. 31, No. 2, Winter, 1990, pp. 19-30

Andersson, Curt, "Truly International: A Strategy for Swedish Industry", Science and Public Policy, Vol. 17, No. 5, October, 1990, pp. 311-314

Andre, Michel, "Thinking and Debating about Science and Technology at European Level", Science and Public Policy, Vol. 22, No. 3, June, 1995, pp. 205-207

Antonelli, Cristiano and Foray, Dominique, "The Economics of Technological Clubs", Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Vol. 2, No. 1, 1992, pp. 37-47

Appleyard, Melissa M., "The Influence of Knowledge Accumulation on Buyer-Suppler Codevelopment Projects", Journal of Product Innovation Management, Vol. 20, No. 5, September, 2003, pp. 356-373

Archibugi, Daniele and Coco, Alberto, "International Partnerships for Knowledge in Business and Academia - A Comparison Between Europe and the USA", Technovation, Vol. 24, No. 7, July, 2004, pp. 517-528

Archibugi, D. and Michie, J., "The Globalisation of Technology: a New Taxonomy", in Technology, Globalisation and Economic Performance, D. Archibugi and J. Michie, eds., Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press, 1997, pp. 172-197

Arend, Richard, "Obtaining R&D Joint Venture Co-operation Under Prisoners' Dilemma Incentives: Logic and Experiment", European Management Journal, Vol. 23, No. 5, October, 2005, pp. 520-532

Arend, Richard J. and Amit, Raphael, "Selection in Strategic Alliance Activity: Effects on Firm Performance in the Computing Industry", European Management Journal, Vol. 23, No. 4, August, 2005, pp. 361-381

Arimura, Sadanori, "How Matsushita Electric and Sony Manage Global R&D", Research-Technology Management, Vol. 42, No. 2, March-April, 1999, pp. 41-52

Arora, Ashish and Gambardella, Afonso, "Evaluating Technological Information and Utilizing It", Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, Vol. 24, No. 1, June, 1994, pp. 91-114

Asakawa, Kazuhiro, "Organizational Tension in International R&D Management: the Case of Japanese Firms", Research Policy, Vol. 30, No. 5, May, 2001, pp. 735-757

Asakawa, Kazuhiro, "Evolving Headquarters-subsidiary Dynamics in International R&D: the Case of Japanese Multinationals", R&D Management, Vol. 31, No. 1, January, 2001, pp. 1-14

Asakawa, Kazuhiro, "External-Internal Linkages and Overseas Autonomy-Control Tension: The Management Dilemma of the Japanese R&D in Europe", IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, Vol. 43, No. 1, February, 1996, pp. 24-32

Audretsch, D.B., Link, A.N. and Scott, J.T., "Public/private Technology Partnerships: Evaluating SBIR-supported Research", Research Policy, Vol. 31, No. 1, January, 2002, pp. 145-158

Autio, E., Hameri, A.-P. and Nordberg, M., "A Framework of Motivations for Industry-Big Science Collaboration: a Case Study", Journal of Engineering and Technology Management, Vol. 13, Nos. 3/4, September/December, 1996, pp. 301-314

Bach, Laurent, Matt, Mireille and Wolff, Sandrine, "How Do Firms Perceive Policy Rationales Behind the Variety of Instruments Supporting Collaborative R&D? Lessons from the European Framework Programs", Technovation, Vol. 34, Nos. 5-6, May-June, 2014, pp. 327-337

Bachmann, Julia, Hoegl, Martin and Parboteeah, K. Praveen, "Cross-level Effects of Buy-supplier Collaboration and Competition on Individual Gains and Individual Skill Utilization". Journal of Engineering and Technology Management, Vol. 41, July-September, 2016, pp. 14-25

Badaracco Jr., Joseph L., "The Knowledge Link: How Firms Compete through Strategic Alliances", Boston: Harvard Business School Press, 1991

Badaracco Jr., J.L., "Alliances Speed Knowledge Transfer", Planning Review, Vol. 19, No. 2, March/April, 1991, pp. 10-16

Bader, Martin A., "Managing Intellectual Property in Inter-firm R&D Collaborations in Knowledge-intensive Industries", International Journal of Technology Management, Vol. 41, Nos. 3-4, 2008, pp. 311-335

Bailetti, A.J. and Callahan, J.R., "The Coordination of International Collaborative Technology Arrangements", R&D Management, Vol. 23, No. 2, April, 1993, pp. 129-146

Bailey, William J., Masson, Ron and Raeside, Robert, "Choosing Successful Technology Development Partners: A Best-practice Model", International Journal of Technology Management, Vol. 15, Nos. 1/2, 1998, pp. 124-138

Baldwin, William L. and Link, Albert N., "Universities as Research Joint Venture Partners: Does Size of the Venture Matter?", International Journal of Technology Management, Vol. 15, No. 8, 1998, pp. 895-913

Bammer, Gabriele, "Enhancing Research Collaborations: Three Key Management Challenges", Research Policy, Vol. 37, No. 5, June, 2008, pp. 875-887

Banerjee, Samiran, "Vertical Research Joint Ventures", International Journal of Industrial Organization, Vol. 19, Nos. 1-2, 2001, pp. 285-302

Baral, W.J., "International Cooperative R&D", les Nouvelles, Vol. 20, No. 4, December, 1985, pp. 176-179

Barley, S.R., Freeman, J. and Hybels, R.C., "Strategic Alliances in Commercial Biotechnology", in Networks and Organizations: Structure, Form and Action, N. Nohria and R. Eccles, eds., Boston: Harvard Business School Press, 1992, pp. 311-347

Bati, Ferenc, "Technological Strategic Alliance: Digital Equipment Corporation in Hungary - As a Case in Point", Technology In Society, Vol. 15, No. 1, 1993, pp. 159-160

Baughn, C.C. and Osborne, R.N., "Strategies for Successful Technological Development", Journal of Technology Transfer, Vol. 14, Nos. 3/4, Summer-Fall, 1989, pp. 5-13

Baum, J.A.C., Calabrese, T. and Silverman, B.S., "Don't Go It Alone: Alliance Network Composition and Start-ups' Performance in Canadian Biotechnology", Strategic Management Journal, Vol. 21, 2000, pp. 267-294

Bayona, Cristina, García-Marco, Teresa and Huerta, Emilio, "Links Between the Characteristics of Alliances and the Applicability of Research Results", Journal of High Technology Management Research, Vol. 15, No. 2, August, 2004, pp. 215-236

Bayona, Cristina, García-Marco, Teresa and Huerta, Emilio, "Firms' Motivations for Cooperative R&D: an Empirical Analysis of Spanish Firms", Research Policy, Vol. 30, No. 8, October, 2001, pp. 1289-1307

Beaudreau, Bernard C., "R&D: To Compete or to Cooperate?", Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Vol. 4, No. 3, 1996, pp. 173-186

Beecham, M.A. and Cordey-Hayes, M., "Partnering and Knowledge Transfer in the U.K. Motor Industry", Technovation, Vol. 18, No. 3, March, 1998, pp. 191-205

Behrman, J.N. and Fischer, W.A., "Overseas Activities of Transnational Companies", Cambridge, MA: Oelgeschlager, Gunn and Hain Publishing Co., 1980

Behrman, J.N. and Fischer, W.A., "Transnational Corporations: Market Orientations and R&D Abroad", The Columbia Journal of World Business, Vol. 15, No. 3, Fall, 1980, pp. 55-60

Beise, Marian, "Lead Markets: Country-specific Drivers of the Global Diffusion of Innovations", Research Policy, Vol. 33, Nos. 6/7, September, 2004, pp. 997-1018

Belderbos, René, Carree, Martin, Diederen, Bert, Lokshin, Boris and Veugelers, Reinhilde, "Heterogeneity in R&D Cooperation Strategies", International Journal of Industrial Organization, Vol. 22, Nos. 8-9, November, 2004, pp. 1237-1263

Benfield, Michael P.J. and Landrum, D. Brian, "International Joint Ventures in Space: The International Space Welding Experiment", Journal of Technology Transfer, Vol. 23, No. 3, Fall, 1998, pp. 25-38

Berggren, Christian, "Global Dreams - Local Teams: Rhetoric and Realities of Transnational Innovation", International Journal of Innovation Management, Vol. 8, No. 2, June, 2004, pp. 115-145

Berman, E.M., "R&D Consortia: Impact on Competitiveness", Journal of Technology Transfer, Vol. 15, No. 3, Summer, 1990, pp. 5-12

Berry, M.J., "Perestroika and the Changing Nature of East-West Scientific Contacts", Technology In Society, Vol. 13, Nos. 1/2, 1991, pp. 151-178

Bertodo, R.G., "The Strategic Alliance: Automotive Paradigm for the 1990s", International Journal of Technology Management, Vol. 5, No. 4, 1990, pp. 375-388

Betz, F., "Academic/Government/Industry Strategic Research Partnerships", Journal of Technology Transfer, Vol. 22, No. 3, Fall, 1997, pp. 9-16

Bianchi, Patrizio and Bellini, Nicola, "Public Policies for Local Networks of Innovators", Research Policy, Vol. 20, No. 5, October, 1991, pp. 487-497

Bidault, Francis and Cummings, Thomas, "Innovating Through Alliances: Expectations and Limitations", R&D Management, Vol. 24, No. 1, January, 1994, pp. 33-45

Bierly, Paul E. and Coombs, Joseph E., "Equity Alliances, Stages of Product Development, and Alliance Instability", Journal of Engineering and Technology Management, Vol. 21, No. 3, September, 2004, pp. 191-214

Birkinshaw, Julian, "Encouraging Entrepreneurial Activity in Multinational Corporations", Business Horizons, Vol. 38, No. 3, May-June, 1995, pp. 32-38

Birkinshaw, Julian and Fey, Carl F., "Organization of Research and Development in Large Multinational Firms", Management International Review, Vol. 43, Special Issue, 2003, pp. 27-46

Bizan, Oded, "The Determinants of Success in R&D Projects: Evidence from American-Israeli Research Alliances", Research Policy, Vol. 32, No. 9, October, 2003, pp. 1619-1640

Bleeke, J. and Ernst, D., eds., "Collaborating to Compete: Using Strategic Alliances and Acquisitions in the Global Market Place", McKinsey, 1993

Block, Richard B., "The Electric Power Research Institute's Evolving Technology Transfer System Between a Diverse Set of University and Industrial R&D Resources and a Diverse Group of End-users in a Mature Industry", International Journal of Technology Management, Vol. 8, Nos. 6-8, 1993, pp. 465-477

Block, R.B., Beardsworth, Edward and Chan, Conway, "An Evolving Technology-Transfer System in an R&D Consortium: The EPRI Approach", Journal of Technology Transfer, Vol. 15, Nos. 1/2, Winter-Spring, 1990, pp. 17-24

Blomqvist, Kirsimarja, Hara, Veikko, Koivuniemi, Jouni and Äijö, "Towards Networked R&D Management: the R&D Approach of Sonera Corporation as an Example", R&D Management, Vol. 34, No. 5, November, 2005, pp. 591-603

Blumenthal, Judith, "Joint Ventures as a Vehicle for Strategic Change: Opportunities and Pitfalls", Journal of Organizational Change Management, Vol. 4, No. 1, 1991, pp. 45-59

Blunden, Margaret, "Armaments Collaboration: What Form and What For?", Science and Public Policy, Vol. 17, No. 3, June, 1990, pp. 132-142

Boardman, P. Craig and Corley, Elizabeth A., "University Research Centers and the Composition of Research Collaborations", Research Policy, Vol. 37, No. 5, June, 2008, pp. 900-913

Boghani, Ashok, Onassis, Iason, Benabadji, Ahmed and Bijl, Cees, "Globalization of R&D", International Journal of Technology Management, Vol. 17, No. 6, 1999, pp. 696-710

Bonaccorsi, Adrea and Lipparini, Andrea, "Strategic Partnerships in New Product Development: An Italian Case Study", Journal of Product Innovation Management, Vol. 11, No. 2, March, 1994, pp. 134-145

Bossink, Bart A.G., "The Development of Co-innovation Strategies: Stages and Interaction Patterns in Interfirm Innovation", R&D Management, Vol. 32, NO. 4, September, 2002, pp. 311-320

Boutellier, R., Gassmann, O. and von Zedtwitz, M., "Managing Global Innovation", Berlin: Springer, 1999

Bower, D. Jane, "Successful Joint Ventures in Science Parks", Long Range Planning, Vol. 26, No. 6, December, 1993, pp. 114-120

Bower, D. Jane, "New Product Development in the Pharmaceutical Industry: Pooling Network Resources", Journal of Product Innovation Management, Vol. 10, No. 5, November, 1993, pp. 367-375

Bozeman, Barry and Dietz, James S., "Strategic Research Partnerships: Constructing Policy-Relevant Indicators", Journal of Technology Transfer, Vol. 26, No. 4, October, 2001, pp. 385-393

Bozeman, Barry and Pandey, Sanjay, "Cooperative R&D in Government Laboratories: Comparing the US and Japan", Technovation, Vol. 14, No. 3, April, 1994, pp. 145-159

Bozeman, Barry, Link, Albert and Zardkoohi, Asghar, "An Economic Analysis of R&D Joint Ventures", Managerial and Decision Economics, Vol. 7, No. 4, December, 1986, pp. 263-266

Brandt, Virginia, England, William and Ward, Susan, "Virtual Teams", Research-Technology Management, Vol. 54, No. 6, November-December, 2011, pp. 62-63

Brethauer, Dale, "New Product Development and Delivery: Ensuring Successful Products Through Integrating Process Management", NY: AMACON, 2002

Brewen, J.G., "An R&D Consortium that Works", ChemTech, Vol. 22, No. 2, February, 1992, pp. 94-98

Broadhead, John, "Planning a Successful R&D Alliance", Research-Technology Management, Vol. 38, No. 5, September-October, 1995, pp. 12-13

Brockhoff, Klaus, "R&D Cooperation Between Firms - A Perceived Transaction Cost Perspective", Management Science, Vol. 38, No. 4, April, 1992, pp. 514-524

Brockhoff, Klaus, "R&D Cooperation Between Firms: A Classification by Structural Variables", International Journal of Technology Management, Vol. 6, Nos. 3/4, 1991, pp. 361-373

Brockhoff, Klaus and Schmaul, Bernd, "Organization, Autonomy, and Success of Internationally Dispersed R&D Facilities", IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, Vol. 43, No. 1, February, 1996, pp. 33-40

Brockhoff, Klaus and Teichert, Thorsten, "Cooperative R&D and Partners' Measures of Success", International Journal of Technology Management, Vol. 10, No. 1, 1995, pp. 111-123

Brockhoff, Klaus, Gupta, A.K. and Rotering, Christian, "Inter- firm R&D Co-operations in Germany", Technovation, Vol. 11, No. 4, May, 1991, pp. 219-229

Brodley, J.F., "Antitrust Law and Innovation Cooperation", The Journal of Economic Perspectives, Vol. 4, No. 3, Summer, 1990, pp. 97-112

Bronder, Christoph and Pritzl, Rudolf, "Developing Strategic Alliances: A Conceptual Framework for Successful Co-operation", European Management Journal, Vol. 10, No. 4, December, 1992, pp. 412-421

Brown, J.H.U., "The Research Consortium - Its Organization and Functions", Research Management, Vol. 24, No. 3, May, 1981, pp. 38-41

Brown, James and Samore, Evelyn, "Managing R&D and Technology: Competition and Collaboration", Research Report No. 917, New York: The Conference Board, 1988

Bruce, Margaret, Leverick, Fiona and Littler, Dale, "Complexities of Collaborative Product Development", Technovation, Vol. 15, No. 9, 1995, pp. 535-552

Bruce, Margaret, Leverick, Fiona, Littler, Dale and Wilson, Dominic, "Success Factors for Collaborative Product Development: A Study of Suppliers of Information and Communication Technology", R&D Management, Vol. 25, No. 1, January, 1995, pp. 33-44

Bruton, Garry D. and Samiee, Saeed, "Anatomy of a Failed High Technology Alliance", Organizational Dynamics, Vol. 27, No. 1, Summer, 1998, pp. 51-62

Bryant, Thomas A. and Reenstra-Bryant, Robin, "Technology Brokers in North American Software Industry: Getting the Most Out of Mismatched Dyads", International Journal of Technology Management, Vol. 16, Nos. 1-3, 1998, pp. 281-290

Buisseret, Timothy J., "The Role of Users in Collaborative IT Research: Experience from the UK's Information Engineering Advanced Technology Programme (IEATP)", Science and Public Policy, Vol. 20, No. 5, October, 1993, pp. 323-332

Bunders, Joske F.G., Broerse, Jacqueline E.W. and Zweekhorst, Marjolein B.M., "The Triple Helix Enriched with the User Perspective: A View from Bangladesh", Journal of Technology Transfer, Vol. 24, Nos. 3/4, August, 1999, pp. 235-246

Burns, John, "Transition from Pure Licensing Strategy to a Portfolio of Subsidiaries, Joint Ventures and New Licenses", les Nouvelles, Vol. 35, No. 2, June, 2000, pp. 93-96

Cabo, Pépin G., "Industrial Participation and Knowledge Transfer in Joint R&D Projects", International Journal of Technology Management, Vol. 18, Nos. 3/4, 1999, pp. 188-206

Cabral, Luis M.B., "R&D Cooperation and Product Market Competition", International Journal of Industrial Organization, Vol. 18, No. 7, 2000, pp. 1033-1047

Cagliano, Raffaella, Chiesa, Vittorio and Manzini, Raffaella, "Differences and Similarities in Managing Technological Collaborations in Research, Development and Manufacturing: a Case Study", Journal of Engineering and Technology Management, Vol. 17, No. 2, June, 2000, pp. 193-224

Cainarca, G.C., Colombo, M.G. and Mariotti, Sergio, "Agreements Between Firms and the Technological Life Cycle Model: Evidence from Information Technologies", Research Policy, Vol. 21, No. 1, February, 1992, pp. 45-62

Callahan, John and MacKenzie, Scott, "Metrics for Strategic Alliance Control", R&D Management, Vol. 29, No. 4, October, 1999, pp. 363-377

Caloghirou, Yannis, Vonortas,Nicholas S. and Ioannides, Stavros, eds., "European Collaboration in Research and Development: Business Strategy and Public Policy", Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar, 2004

Campbell, Alistair, "The Agile Enterprise: Assessing the Technology Management Issues", International Journal of Technology Management, Vol. 15, Nos. 1/2, 1998, pp. 82-95

Campione, Troy J., "Making Research Collaborations Succeed", Research-Technology Management, Vol. 46, No. 4, July-August, 2003, pp. 12-15

Cantwell, J., "The International Agglomeration of R&D", in Global Research Strategy and International Competitiveness, M.Casson, ed., Oxford, England: Basil Blackwell, 1991, pp. 104-132

Cantwell, John and Barrera, Pilar, "The Localisation of Corporate Technological Trajectories in the Interwar Cartels: Cooperative Learning Versus an Exchange of Knowledge", Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Vol. 6, Nos. 2-3, 1998, pp. 257-290

Carayannis, Elias G. and Alexander, Jeffrey, "Winning by Co-Operating in Strategic Government-University-Industry R&D Partnerships: The Power of Complex, Dynamic Knowledge Networks", Journal of Technology Transfer, Vol. 24, Nos. 3/4, August, 1999, pp. 197-210

Carayannis, E.G. and Gover, J., "The SEMETECH-Sandia National Laboratories Partnership: A Case Study", Technovation, Vol. 22, No. 9, September, 2002, pp. 585-591

Carayannis, Elias G. and Jorge, Jennifer, "Bridging Government-University-Industry Technological Learning Disconnects: a Comparative Study of Training and Development Policies and Practices in the U.S., Japan, Germany and France", Technovation, Vol. 18, Nos. 6/7, 1998, pp. 383-407

Carayannis, Elias G. and Laget, Patrice, "Transatlantic Innovation Infrastructure Networks: Public-Private, EU-US R&D Partnerships", R&D Management, Vol. 34, No. 1, January, 2004, pp. 17-31

Carayannis, Elias G., Alexander, Jeffrey and Ioannidis, Anthony, "Leveraging Knowledge, Learning, and Innovation in Forming Strategic Government-University-Industry (GUI) R&D Partnerships in the US, Germany, and France", Technovation, Vol. 20, No. 9, September, 2000, pp. 477-488

Carmel, E., "Global Software Teams - Collaborating Across Borders and Time Zones", Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall, 1999

Carr, Chris, "Globalisation, Strategic Alliances, Acquisitions and Technology Transfer: Lessons from ICL/Fujitsu and Rover/Honda and BMW", R&D Management, Vol. 29, No. 4, October, 1999, pp. 405-421

Casas, Rosalba and Luna, Matilde, "Government, Academia and the Private Sector in Mexico: Towards a New Configuration", Science and Public Policy, Vol. 24, No. 1, February, 1997, pp. 7-14

Casas, Rosalba, de Gortari, Rebeca, and Santos, Ma. Josefa, "The Building of Knowledge Spaces in Mexico: a Regional Approach to Networking", Research Policy, Vol. 29, No. 2, February, 2000, pp. 225-241

Casey, R.L., "Making Strategic Partnerships Work", les Nouvelles, Vol. 26, No. 1, March, 1991, pp. 8-10

Cassiman, Bruno, "Research Joint Ventures and Optimal R&D Policy with Asymmetric Information", International Journal of Industrial Organization, Vol. 18, No. 2, February, 2000, pp. 283-314

Casson, Mark, ed., "Global Research Strategy and International Competitiveness", Cambridge, MA: Basil Blackwell, 1991

Castro, Miguel, Foster, Roger S., Gunn, Kevin and Roberts, Edward B.,"Managing R&D Alliances Within Government: The "Virtual Agency" Concept", IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, Vol. 50, No. 3, August, 2003, pp. 297-306

Chamberlain, T. and de la Mothe, John, "Northern Light: Ottawa's Technology Cluster", in Clusters Old and New: The Transition to a Knowledge Economy in Canada's Regions, D.A. Wolfe, ed., Montreal: McGill-Queens' University Press, 2003, pp. 213-234

Chan, Pen S. and Heide, Dorothy, "Strategic Alliances in Technology: Key Competitive Weapon", SAM Advanced Management Journal, Vol. 58, No. 4, Autumn, 1993, pp. 9-17

Chang, Yuan-Chieh, "Benefits of Co-operation on Innovative Performance: Evidence from Integrated Circuits and Biotechnology Firms in the UK and Taiwan", R&D Management, Vol. 33, No. 4, September, 2003, pp. 425-437

Chen, Chung-Jen, "The Effects of Knowledge Attribute, Alliance Characteristics, and Absorptive Capacity on Knowledge Transfer Performance", R&D Management, Vol. 34, No. 3, June, 2004, pp. 311-321

Chen, Shin-Horng, "Decision-making in Research and Development Collaboration", Research Policy, Vol. 26, No. 1, March, 1997, pp. 121-135

Chen, X. and Sun, C., "Technology Transfer to China: Alliances of Chinese Enterprises with Western Technology Exporters", Technovation, Vol. 20, No. 7, July, 2000, pp. 353-362

Cheng, J.L.C. and Bolon, D.S., "The Management of Multinational R&D: A Neglected Topic in International Business Research", Journal of International Business Studies, Vol. 1, 1994, pp. 1-18

Chesbrough, Henry and Schwartz, Kevin, "Innovating Business Models with Co-Development Partnerships", Research-Technology Management, Vol. 50, No. 1, January-February, 2007, pp. 55-59

Chesnais, F., "Technological Agreements, Networks and Selected Issues in Economic Theory", in Technological Collaboration: The Dynamics of Cooperation in Industrial Innovation, R. Coombs, A. Richards, P. Saviotti and V. Walsh, eds., Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, 1996

Chesnais, F., "Technical Co-operation Agreements Between Firms", STI Review, Vol. 4, 1988, pp. 51-121

Chiaroni, Davide and Chiesa, Vittorio, "Forms of Creation of Industrial Clusters in Biotechnology", Technovation, Vol. 26, No. 9, September, 2006, pp. 1064-1076

Chiesa, Vittorio, "Technology Development Control Styles in Multinational Corporations: a Case Study", Journal of Engineering and Technology Management, Vol. 16, No. 2, June, 1999, pp. 191-206

Chiesa, Vittorio, "Human Resource Management Issues in Global R&D Organisations: a Case Study", Journal of Engineering and Technology Management, Vol. 13, 1996, pp. 189-202

Chiesa, Vittorio, "Managing the Internationalization of R&D Activities", IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, Vol. 43, No. 1, February, 1996, pp. 7-23

Chiesa, Vittoria and Manzini, Raffaella, "Profiting from the Virtual Organization of Technological Innovation: Suggestions from an Empirical Study", International Journal of Technology Management, Vol. 15, Nos. 1/2, 1998, pp. 109-123

Chiesa, Vittoria and Manzini, Raffaella, "Managing Virtual R&D Organizations: Lessons from the Pharmaceutical Industry", International Journal of Technology Management, Vol. 13, Nos. 5/6, 1997, pp. 471-485

Chikudate, N., "Generating Reflexivity from Partnership Formation: a Phenomenological Reasoning on the Partnership Between a Japanese Pharmaceutical Corporation and Western Laboratories", Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, Vol. 35, No. 3, 1999, pp. 287-305

Cho, Hyun-Dae and Lee, Jae-Keun, "The Developmental Path of Networking Capability of Catch-up Players in Korea's Semiconductor Industry", R&D Management, Vol. 33, No. 4, September, 2003, pp. 411-423

Cho, Dae-Hyun and Yu, Pyung-Il, "Influential Factors in the Choice of Technology Acquisition Mode: an Empirical Analysis of Small and Medium Sized Firms in the Telecommunications Industry", Technovation, Vol. 20, No. 12, December, 2000, pp. 691-704

Chompalov, Ivan, Genuth, Joel and Shrum, Wesley, "The Organization of Scientific Collaborations", Research Policy, Vol. 31, No. 5, July, 2002, pp. 749-767

Clark, Kenneth A. and Sharron, Stephanie L., "State of the Art in Biotechnology Alliances", les Nouvelles, Vol. 29, No. 2, June, 1994, pp. 100-104

Clarysse, Bart, Debackere, Koenraad and van Dierdonck, Roland, "Research Networks and Organisational Mobility in an Emerging Technological Field: The Case of Plant Biotechnology", Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Vol. 4, No. 2, 1996, pp. 77-96

Cleland, David I. and Gareis, Roland, eds., "Global Project Management", New York: McGraw-Hill, 1994

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