Section Eighteen

University - Industry Technology Interactions

TOPICS COVERED IN THIS SECTION INCLUDE:


Modified: June 15, 2017

Aaron, Elizabeth, "Tapping Into University Technology", High Technology Business, Vol. 8, No. 12, December, 1988, pp. 26-28

Acs, Z.J., Audretsch, D.B. and Feldman, M.P., "Real Effects of Academic Research: Comment", The American Economic Review, Vol. 82, No. 1, March, 1992, pp. 363-367

Acs, Zoltan J., FitzRoy, Felix R. and Smith, Ian, "High Technology Employment, Wages and University R&D Spillovers: Evidence from US Cities", Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Vol. 8, Nos. 1-2, 1999, pp. 57-78

Adams, J.D., "Fundamental Stocks of Knowledge and Productivity Growth", Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 98, No. 4, August, 1990, pp. 673-702

Adams, J.D., Black G.C., Clemmons, J.R. and Stephan, P.E., "Scientific Teams and Institutional Collaborations: Evidence from U.S. Universities, 1981-1999", Research Policy, Vol. 34, No. 3, April, 2005, pp. 259-286

Adams, James D., Chiang, Eric P. and Starkey, Katara, "Industry-University Cooperative Research Centers", Journal of Technology Transfer, Vol. 26, Nos. 1-2, January, 2001, pp. 73-86

Agrawal, A.K., "University-to-Industry Knowledge Transfer: Literature Review and Unanswered Questions", International Journal of Management Reviews, Vol. 3, No. 4, 2001, pp. 285-302

Ahn, Soon Il, "A New Program in Cooperative Research Between Academia and Industry in Korea, involving Centers of Excellence", Technovation, Vol. 15, No. 4, May, 1995, pp. 241-257

Albertini, Sergio and Butler, Jeff, "R&D Networking in a Pharmaceutical Company: Some Implications for Human Resource Management", R&D Management, Vol. 25, No. 4, October, 1995, pp. 377-393

Allen, Kathleen R. and Taylor, Cyrus C., "Bringing Engineering Research to Market: How Universities, Industry and Government Are Attempting to Solve the Problem", Engineering Management Journal, Vol. 17, No. 3, 2005, pp. 42-48

Allen, M., Aldridge, M.D. and Burkhalter, B.B., "The Evolution of University and Industry Research Relations. Part 1", Engineering Education, Vol. 79, No. 3, 1989, pp. 418-423, 449-450; "Part II", Vol. 79, No. 4, 1989, pp. 476-480

Allen, M.L., Burkhalter, B.B. and Parks, P.F., "The View from Both Sides: University-Industry Applied Research Contracts", Journal of the Society of Research Administrators, Vol. 21, No. 1, Summer, 1989, pp. 47-56

Al-Sultan, Yousuf Yacoub, "The Concept of Science Park in the Context of Kuwait", International Journal of Technology Management, Vol. 16, No. 8, 1998, pp. 800-807

Altan, Taylan, "Initiative Must Come from Industry", Research Management, Vol. 30, No. 5, September-October, 1987, p. 6

Ambrosio, Enrique M., "Technological Management and Transfer of Technology", International Journal of Technology Management, Vol. 10, Nos. 7/8, 1995, pp. 665-675

Amos, Stephanie, "Learning from Each Other: University-Industry Collaboration in the Continuing Education of Scientists and Engineers", Ottawa, ONT: The Science Council of Canada, September, 1987

Anderson, Mark, "University and Industry Contracts Over 20 Years: Some Personal Reflections", les Nouvelles, Vol. 41, No. 1, March, 2006, pp. 48-51

Anselin, L, Varga, A. and Acs, Z., "Local Geographic Spillovers between University Research and High Technology Innovations", Journal of Urban Economics, Vol. 42, 1997, pp. 422-448

Ansell, E.O., "Technology Transfer Caltech-Style", les Nouvelles, Vol. 28, No. 1, March, 1993, pp. 10-12

Ansell, E.O., "Issues in Licensing Sponsored Research", les Nouvelles, Vol. 20, No. 2, June, 1985, pp. 90-92

APCO Associates, "Research Cooperation Between Universities and Industries", Washington, DC: APCO Associates, 1986

Argyres, N. and Liebeskind, J., "Privatizing the Intellectual Commons: Universities and the Commercialization of Biotechnology", Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Vol. 35, 1998, pp. 427-454

Arocena, Rodrigo and Sutz, Judith, "Changing Knowledge Production and Latin American Universities", Research Policy, Vol. 30, No. 8, October, 2001, pp. 1221-1234

Ashworth, Graham, "Universities as Seed Beds of Enterprise - The Demand for New Roles and Attitudes", Creativity & Innovation Network, Vol. 12, No. 2, January-March, 1986, pp. 22-28

Association of American Universities, "Trends in Technology Transfer at Universities", Washington, DC: Association of American Universities, 1986

Atkinson, S.H., "Universities in World Markets", les Nouvelles, Vol. 23, No. 1, March, 1988, pp. 4-7

Audretsch, D.B. and Lehmann, E.E., "Do University Policies Make a Difference?", Research Policy, Vol. 34, No. 3, April, 2005, pp. 343-348

AUTM, "Checklists for a Quick Evaluation of New Technologies", Western Regional Conference Proceedings of the Association of University Technology Managers, 1994

Autio, Erkko and Laamanen, Tomi, "Measurement and Evaluation of Technology Transfer: Review of Technology Transfer Mechanisms and Indicators", International Journal of Technology Management, Vol. 10, Nos. 7/8, 1995, pp. 643-664

Azaroff, L.V., "Industry-University Collaboration: How to Make it Work", Research Management, Vol. 25, No. 3, May, 1982, pp. 31-34

Azzone, Giovanni and Maccarrone, Paolo, "The Emerging Role of Lean Infrastructures in Technology Transfer: the Case of the Innovation Plaza Project", Technovation, Vol. 17, No. 7, July, 1997, pp. 391-402

Baba, M., "Innovation in University-Industry Linkages: University Organizations and Environmental Change", Human Organization, Vol. 47, No. 3, 1988, pp. 260-269

Baer, W.S., "University-Industry Interaction in Civil Sector R&D", Proceedings of the 30th National Conference on the Advancement of Research, October, 1976, pp. 86-89

Bailetti, A.J. and Callahan, J.R., "Assessing the Impact of University Interactions on an R&D Organization", R&D Management, Vol. 22, No. 2, April, 1992, pp. 145-156

Bailey, R.E., Cooper, L.E. and Kramer, K.L., "The Ohio Technology Transfer Organization - OTTO: An Experiment in Academia Assisting Business", Journal of Technology Transfer, Vol. 9, No. 2, Spring, 1985, pp. 9-27

Baker, M.L., "The University/Industry Interface: Closing the Gap", Chemical Engineering Progress, Vol. 71, No. 4, April, 1975, pp. 29-34

Balazs, Katalin and Plonski, Guilherme Ary, "Academic-industry Relations in Middle-income Countries: East Europe and Ibero-America", Science and Public Policy, Vol. 21, No. 2, April, 1994, pp. 109-116

Baldwin, D.R., "Technology Transfer at the University of Washington", Journal of the Society of Research Administrators, Vol. 17, No. 4, Spring, 1986, pp. 13-26

Baldwin, D.R. and Green, J.W., "University-Industry Relations: A Review of the Literature", Journal of the Society of Research Administrators, Vol. 15, No. 4, Spring, 1984, pp. 5-17

Baldwin, William L. and Link, Albert N., "Universities as Research Joint Venture Partners: Does Size of the Venture Matter?", International Journal of Technology Management, Vol. 15, No. 8, 1998, pp. 895-913

Banal-Estanol, Alber, Jofre-Bonet, Mireia and Lawson, Cornelia, "The Double-edged Sword of Industry Collaboration: Evidence from Engineering Academics in the UK", Research Policy, Vol. 44, No. 6, July, 2015, pp. 1160-1175

Bania, N., Eberts, R. and Fogarty, M., "Universities and the Start-Up of New Companies: Can We Generalize from Route 128 and Silicon Valley?", Review of Economics and Statisics, Vol. , 1993, pp. 761-766

Baraldi, Enrico and Havenvid, Malena Ingamansson, "Identifying New Dimensions of Business Incubation: A Multi-level Analysis of Karolinska Institute's Incubation System", Technovation, Vols. 50-51, April-May, 2016, pp. 53-68

Barber, H.D., "University/Industry Interaction: A Case Study", IMIC Information, Vol. 6, No. 2, October, 1980, pp. 27-36

Barker, Robert, "Bring Science into Industry from Universities", Research Management, Vol. 28, No. 6, November-December, 1985, pp. 22-24

Barnes, T., Pashby, I. and Gibbons, A., "Effective University-Industry Interaction - A Multi-case Evaluation of Collaborative R&D Projects", European Management Journal, Vol. 20, No. 3, June, 2002, pp. 272-285

Battenburg, J.R., "Forging Links Between Industry and the Academic World", Journal of the Society of Research Administrators, Vol. 12, No. 3, Winter, 1981, pp. 5-11

Behrens, Teresa R. and Gray, Denis O., "Unintended Consequences of Cooperative Research: Impact of Industry Sponsorship on Climate for Academic Freedom and Other Graduate Student Outcome", Research Policy, Vol. 30, No. 2, February, 2001, pp. 179-199

Benner, Mats and Sandström, Ulf, "Institutionalizing the Triple Helix: Research Funding and Norms in the Academic System", Research Policy, Vol. 29, No. 2, February, 2000, pp. 291-301

Bercovitz, Janet, Feldman, Maryann, Feller, Irwin and Burton, Richard, "Organizational Structure as a Determinant of Academic Patent and Licensing Behavior: An Exploratory Study of Duke, Johns Hopkins, and Pennsylvania State Universities", Journal of Technology Transfer, Vol. 26, Nos. 1-2, January, 2001, pp. 21-35

Berman, E.M., "The Economic Impact of Industry-Funded University R&D", Research Policy, Vol. 19, No. 4, August, 1990, pp. 349-355

Berneman, Louis P., "Industry/University Licenses: A Negotiating Strategy", Journal of Technoloy Transfer, Vol. 20, Nos. 3/4, December, 1995, pp. 25-30

Berneman, Louis P., "Inside Industry, University Licensing", les Nouvelles, Vol. 30, No. 3, September, 1995, pp. 134-137

Bernier, Jacques and Hay, R.D., "Creating New Companies in a Canadian University", in Frontiers in Entrepreneurship Research, Karl Vesper, ed., Wellesley, MA: Center for Entrepreneurial Studies, Babson College, 1981, pp. 402-412

Bertha, Steve L., "Do Universities Have a New Mission?", les Nouvelles, Vol. 34, No. 3, September, 1999, pp. 114-116

Bertha, S.L., "Academic Research: Policies and Practices", Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Vol. 51, Nos. 1-3, April, 1996, pp. 59-73

Bertha, S.L., "Technology Contracts: An Academic Perspective", Journal of Technology Transfer, Vol. 15, Nos. 1/2, Winter-Spring, 1992, pp. 41-52

Betz, Frederick, "Industry-University Partnerships", in Handbook of Technology Management, G. Gaynor, ed., Ch. 8, New York: McGraw-Hill, 1996

Betz, Frederick, "Next-Generation Technology and Research Consortia", International Journal of Technology Management, Vol. 6, Nos. 3/4, 1991, pp. 298-310

Beveridge, G.S.G., "Technology Transfer from a Regional University: Origins, Developments and Diversity", International Journal of Technology Management, Vol. 6, Nos. 5/6, 1991, pp. 441-449

Bhattacharya, Sujit and Khan, Moh'd T.R., "Monitoring Technology Trends through Patent Analysis: a Case Study of Thin Film", Research Evaluation, Vol. 10, No. 1, April, 2001, pp. 33-45

Bing, Wang, "University Commercialization in China", les Nouvelles, Vol. 33, No. 1, March, 1998, pp. 23-25

Birley, S., "Universities, Academics and Spinout Companies: Lessons from Imperial", International Journal of Entrepreneurship Education, Vol. 1, No. 1, 2002, pp. 133-153

Bitting, K., "Observations from Japan: Lessons in Research and Technology Transfer", Journal of the Society of Research Administrators, Vol. 19, No. 4, Spring, 1988, pp. 17-22

Bloch, Erich, "Some Comments Concerning Industry-University Relationships in the '80's", Journal of the Society of Research Administrators, Vol. 16, No. 1, Summer, 1984, pp. 5-12

Bloedon, Robert V. and Stokes, Deborah R., "Making University/ Industry Collaborative Research Succeed", Research-Technology Management, Vol. 37, No. 2, March-April, 1994, pp. 44-48

Blume-Kohout, Margaret, Kumar, Krishna B., Lau, Christopher and Sood, Neeraj, "The Effect of Federal Research Funding on Formation of University-firm Biopharmaceutical Alliances", Journal of Technology Transfer, Vol. 40, No. 5, pp. 859-876

Blumenthal, David, "Ethics Issues in Academic-Industry Relationships in the Life Sciences: The Continuing Debate", Academic Medicine, Vol. 71, No. 12, December, 1996, pp. 1291-1296

Blumenthal, David, "Growing Pains for New Academic/Industry Relationships", Health Affairs, Summer, Vol. 13, No. 3, 1994, pp. 176-186

Blumenthal, David, Gluck, M., Lovis, K.S., Stoto, M.A. and Wise David, "University-Industry Research Relationships in Biotechnology: Implications for the University", Science, Vol. 232, No. 4756, June 13, 1986, pp. 1361-1366

Blumenthal, D., Epstein, S. and Maxwell, J., "Commercializing University Research: Lessons from the Experience of the Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation", The New England Journal of Medicine, Vol. 314, No. 25, 1986, pp. 1621-1626

Boardman, P. Craig and Corley, Elizabeth A., "University Research Centers and the Composition of Research Collaborations", Research Policy, Vol. 37, No. 5, June, 2008, pp. 900-913

Bonaccorsi, Andrea and Piccaluga, Andrea, "A Theoretical Framework for the Evaluation of University-Industry Relationships", R&D Management, Vol. 24, No. 3, July, 1994, pp. 229-247

Bondurant, Stuart, "Establishing Relationship with a University", les Nouvelles, Vol. 24, No. 2, June, 1989, pp. 45-47

Boucher, G, Conway, C. and Van der Meer, E., "Tiers of Engagement by Universities in their Region's Development", Regional Studies, Vol. 37, 2003, pp. 887-897

D. Jane Bower, "Business Model Fashion and the Academic Spinout Firm", R&D Management, Vol. 33, No. 2, March, 2003, pp. 97-106

Bower, D.J., "Company and Campus Partnership: Strategies for Risk Reduction", New York: Routledge, 1992

Boyle, K.A., "Technology Transfer Between Universities and the U.K. Offshore Industry", IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, Vol. EM-33, No. 1, February, 1986, pp. 33-42

Bozeman, Barry and Corley, Elizabeth, "Scientists' Collaboration Strategies: Implications for Scientific and Technical Human Capital", Research Policy, Vol. 33, No. 4, Special Issue, May, 2004, pp. 599-616

Bragg, S.L., "The Universities' Response to Changing Needs in Industry", Proceedings of the 1978 Symposium of the Research and Development Society, London, April 18, 1978, pp. 12-20

Branscomb, Lewis M., Kodama, Fumio and Florida, Richard, eds., "Industrializing Knowledge: University-Industry Linkages in Japan and the United States", Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1999

Bray, D.M., "Conflict of Interest: A Principal Business Officers' Perspective", SRA Journal, Vol. 22, No. 3, Winter, 1990, pp. 13- 18

Bray, Michael J. and Lee, James N., "University Revenues from Technology Transfer: Licensing Fees vs. Equity Positions", Journal of Business Venturing, Vol. 15, Nos. 5/6, September/November, 2000, pp. 385-392

Brehens, T.R. and Gray, D.O., "Unintended Consequences of Cooperative Research: Impact of Industry Sponsorship on Climate for Academic Freedom and Other Graduate Student Outcome", Research Policy, Vol. 30, 2001, pp. 179-199

Bremer, H.W., "Research Applications and Technology Transfer", Journal of the Society of Research Administrators, Vol. 17, No. 2, Fall, 1985, pp. 53-65

Bremer, H.W., "Academia - Business Partner", les Nouvelles, Vol. 14, No. 3, September, 1979, pp. 155-160

Brett, Alistair, Gibson, D.V. and Smilor, R.W., eds., "University Spin-Off Companies", Savage, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 1990

Brodsky, N.H., Kaufman, H.G. and Tooker, J.D., "University-Industry Cooperation", New York: Center for Science and Technology Policy, New York University, July, 1979

Brody, Herb, "The TR University Research Scorecard", Technology Review, September, 2001, pp. 81-83

Brown Jr., G.E. and O'Brien, T.C., "University-Industry Links: Government as Blacksmith", Technovation, Vol. 1, No. 2, August, 1981, pp. 85-95

Brown, W.S., "A Proposed Mechanism for Commercializing University Technology", Technovation, Vol. 3, No. 1, February, 1985, pp. 19- 25

Brown, W.S., "Innovation Centre - University of Utah", in Innovation, Entrepreneurship and the University, Conference Proceedings, N.S. Kapany, ed., University of California, Santa Cruz, CA, November, 1978, pp. 25-27

Bruce, J.D., "Industrial Innovation in the United States: Industry-University Interactions", European Management Journal, Vol. 2, No. 1, Summer, 1983, pp. 28-38

Bruce, J.D. and Tamaribuchi, Kay, "MIT's Industrial Liaison Program", Journal of the Society of Research Administrators, Vol. 12, No. 3, Winter, 1981, pp. 13-16

Bruinsma, T.A., "Academic Capitalism at Work", les Nouvelles, Vol. 21, No. 2, June, 1986, pp. 109-110

Brunat, E. and Reverdy, B., "Linking University and Industrial Research in France", Science and Public Policy, Vol. 16, No. 5, October, 1989, pp. 283-293

Bruton, G.D., "Incubators as a Small Business Support in Russia: Contrast of University-related U.S. Incubators with the Zelenograd Scientific and Technology Park", Journal of Small Business Management, Vol. 36, No. 1, 1998, pp. 91-94

Buchbinder, Howard and Newson, Janice, "Corporate-University Linkages and the Scientific-Technical Revolution", Interchange, Vol. 16, No. 3, Fall, 1985, pp. 37-53

Bullock, M., "Cohabitation: Small Research-Based Companies and the Universities", Technovation, Vol. 3, No. 1, February, 1985, pp. 27-38

Burkhalter, Bettye, Dunlap, T. Phillip and Watson, Douglas J., "Auburn Technology Transfer Partnership for Economic Development", The Journal of Technology Transfer, Vol. 19, Nos. 3/4, December, 1994, pp. 26-35

Burnett, Lynn M., Massari, Gail B. and LaScala, Richard D., "Transforming Academic Research Findings into Economically Profitable Technologies", Journal of Technology Transfer, Vol. 22, No. 3, Fall, 1997, pp. 17-26

Burnham, James B., "Evaluating Industry/University Research Linkages", Research-Technology Management, Vol. 40, No. 1, January-February, 1997, pp. 52-55

Burnside, Beth and Witkin, Lou, "Forging Successful University-Industry Collaborations", Research-Technology Management, Vol. 51, No. 2, March-April, 2008, pp. 26-30

Burrington, James D., "University-industry Cooperation: A Framework for Dialogue", International Journal of Technology Management, Vol. 8, Nos. 6-8, 1993, pp. 440-446

Business-Higher Education Forum, "Working Together, Creating Knowledge: The University-Industry Research Collaboration Initiative", Washington, D.C., 2001 [ACE Fulfillment Service, Dept. 191, One DuPont Circle, NW, Washington, DC, 20036]

Cabral, Regis, "Refining the Cabral-Dahab Science Park Management Paradigm", International Journal of Technology Management, Vol. 16, No. 8, 1998, pp. 813-818

Cabral, Regis, "From University-Industry Interfaces to the Making of a Science Park: Florianopolis, Southern Brazil", International Journal of Technology Management, Vol. 16, No. 8, 1998, pp. 778-799

Cabral, Regis, "The Cabral-Dahab Science Park Management Paradigm: an Introduction", International Journal of Technology Management, Vol. 16, No. 8, 1998, pp. 721-725

Cabral, Regis and Dahab, Sonia Sapolnik, "Science Parks in Developing Countries: the Case of BIORIO in Brazil", International Journal of Technology Management, Vol. 16, No. 8, 1998, pp. 726-739

Cagler, Levent, Cox, Manfred and Robertson, Andrew, "Technology Transfer from University to Industry: The Problems in Britain", Creativity & Innovation Network, Vol. 9, No. 1, January, 1983, pp. 5-11

Caldera, Aida and Debande, Olivier, "Performance of Spanish Universities in Technology Transfer: An Empirical Analysis", Research Policy, Vol. 39, No. 9, November, 2010, pp. 1160-1173

Calderini, Mario, Franzoni, Chiara and Vezzulli, Andrea, "The Unequal Benefits of Academic Patenting for Science and Engineering Research", IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, Vol. 56, No. 1, February, 2009, pp. 16-30

Caloghirou, Yannis, Tsakanikas, Aggelos and Vonortas, Nicholas S., "University-Industry Cooperation in the Context of the European Framework Programmes", Journal of Technology Transfer, Vol. 26, Nos. 1-2, January, 2001, pp. 153-161

Campbell, T.I.D. and Slaughter, S., "Protecting the Public's Trust: A Search for Balance Among Benefits and Conflicts in University-Industry Relationships", Report to the National Science Foundation, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, 1995

Cannon, Peter, "A Model for Industry-University Minority Doctoral Engineering Programs", Research Management, Vol. 23, No. 4, July, 1980, pp. 21-23

Carayannis, Elias G., Rogers, Everett M., Kurihara, Kazuo and Allbritton, Marcel M., "High-Technology Spin-offs from Government R&D Laboratories and Research Universities", Technovation, Vol. 18, No. 1, January, 1998, pp. 1-11

Carlsson, B. and Fridh, A.C., "Technology Transfer in United States Universities: A Survey and Statistical Analysis", Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Vol. 12, 2002, pp. 199-232

Carroll, C.C., "National Research Priorities and the University- Industrial Team", Proceedings of the 12th Annual Meeting of the Society of Research Administrators, Boston, MA, 1978, pp. 49-50

Casimir, H.B.G., "Some Basic Rules for Good Industry-University Relations", Research Management, Vol. 14, No. 6, November, 1971, pp. 12-18

Castanos-Lomnitz, Heriberta, "University, Government and Industry in Mexico: the Shared Dislike of Each Other", Science and Public Policy, Vol. 22, No. 5, October, 1995, pp. 325-332

Cerych, L., "University-industry Collaboration: A Research Agenda and Some General Impacts on the Development of Higher Education", Vol. 24, No. 3, 1989, pp. 309-313

Chang, David B. and Dozier, Kenneth, "Technology Transfer and Academic Education with a Focus on Diversity", Journal of Technology Transfer, Vol. 20, Nos. 3/4, December, 1995, pp. 88-95

Chang, Yuan-Chieh, Chen, Ming-Huei, Hua, Mingshu and Yang, Phil Y., "Managing Academic Innovation in Taiwan: Towards a 'Scientific-economic' Framework", Technological Forecasting & Social Change, Vol. 73, No. 2, February, 2006, pp. 199-213

Chang, Yuan-Chieh, Chen, Ming-Huei, Hua, Mingshu and Yang, Phil Y., "Industrializing Academic Knowledge in Taiwan", Research-Technology Management, Vol. 48, No. 4, July-August, 2005, pp. 45-50

Chang, Yuan-Chieh, Chen, Ming-Huei, Yang, Phil Y. and Hua, Mingshu, "Universities as Patent- and Licensing Income - generating Institutions: A Survey in Taiwan", International Journal of Technology Management, Vol. 42, No. 3, 2008, pp. 290-309

Chapple, W., Lockett, A., Siegel, D. and Wright, M., "Assessing the Relative Performance of U.K. University Technology Transfer Offices: Parametric and Non-parametric Evidence", Research Policy, Vol. 34, No. 3, April, 2005, pp. 369-384

Chen, E. Yegin, "The Evolution of University-industry Technology Transfer in Hong Kong", Technovation, Vol. 14, No. 7, September, 1994, pp. 449-459

Chenier, Andree-Anne, "University Spin-Offs, Supply-Side Marketing, and Test-Tube Products", Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Management of Technology, Miami, Florida, February 17-21, 1992, Norcross, GA: Industrial Engineering and Management Press, Vol. 1, pp. 565-573

Chien, Y.T., "The Impact of the Internet on University-Based Research and Innovation in the United States and Japan", in Industrializing Knowledge - University-Industry Linkages in Japan and the United States", Cambridge: The MIT Press, 1999, pp. 439-470

Chiesa, Vittorio and Piccaluga, Andrea, "Exploitation and Diffusion of Public Research: the Case of Academic Spin-off Companies in Italy", R&D Management, Vol. 30, No. 4, October, 2000, pp. 329-339

Cichy, K.A., "Ethical Implications of For-Profit Corporate Sponsorship of Research", SRA Journal, Vol. 22, No. 1, Summer, 1990, pp. 23-27

Clark, B., "Creating Entrepreneurial Universities: Organizational Pathways of Transformation", New York: Pergamon, 1998

Clarke, Thomas E., "Impact of Canada's Patent System and Public Sector Technology Transfer System on the Growth of the Biotechnology Industry in Canada", Report to the Canadian Biotechnology Advisory Committee, Nanaimo, B.C.: Stargate Consultants Limited, March, 2001

Clarke, Thomas E., "Support and Encouragement of Technology Transfer in Publicly Funded R&D Institutions in Selected Countries", Report prepared for the Federal Partners in Technology Transfer, Nanaimo, B.C.: Stargate Consultants Limited, March, 2001

Clarke, Thomas E., "Beyond the Lab Door", in Industrial R&D Strategy and Management - A Challenge for the 1980s, Proceedings of the 10th Anniversary Conference of the R&D Management Journal, Manchester Business School, Manchester, England, 1980

Clarke, Thomas E. and Reavley, Jean, "Educating Technical Entrepreneurs and Innovators for the 1980's", Technovation, Vol. 1, No. 2, August, 1981, pp. 125-134

Clarke, Thomas E., Reavley, Jean and Orpwood, Graham, "Testing the Foundations: The State and Organization of Basic Research in Ontario", Final Report, Ministry of Colleges and Universities, Government of Ontario, Toronto, ONT, December, 1987

Coberly, C.A., "Research and University - Industry Interaction", Engineering Education, Vol. 69, No. 6, March, 1979, pp. 437-439

Cochrane, Eugene R., "Methodology of an Independent Technology-Transfer Organization", Journal of Technology Transfer, Vol. 18, Nos. 3/4, Summer-Fall, 1993, pp. 53-58

Cohen, Michael A., "To Stimulate Economic Development from Universities, Government Should Bolster Research and Infrastructure, Not Fund Start-ups", les Nouvelles, Vol. 41, No. 1, March, 2006, pp. 27-28

Cohen, Michael A., "Univesity Licensing Offices Should Replace 'Tech Transfer' with 'Commercialization Catalyst'", les Nouvelles, Vol. 40, No. 4, December, 2005, pp. 174-175

Cohen, Wesley, Florida, Richard and Goe, W. Richard, "University-Industry Research Centers in the United States", Center for Economic Development, H. John Heinz School of Public Policy and Management, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA, July, 1994

Cohen, Wesley, Florida, Richard, Randazzese, L. and Walsh, J., "Industry and the Academy: Uneasy Partners in the Cause of Technological Advance", in Challenges to Research Universities, R. Noll, ed., Washington, DC: The Brookings Institute, 1998, pp. 171-200

Collins, Luke, "Industrial/Academic Collaboration Is 3-Way Win", Research-Technology Management, Vol. 50, No. 4, July-August, 2007, pp. 3-5

Collins, Luke, "Turning University IP Into Growth Companies", Research-Technology Management, Vol. 48, No. 1, January-February, 2005, pp. 3-5

Collins, R.E., "Case History of R&D Project", les Nouvelles, Vol. 19, No. 1, March, 1984, pp. 16-21

Collins, Steven and Wakoh, Hikoji, "Universities and Technology Transfer in Japan: Recent Reforms in Historical Perspective", Journal of Technology Transfer, Vol. 25, No. 2, June, 2000, pp. 213-222

Colton, R.M., "University/Industry Cooperative Research Centers are Proving Themselves", Research Management, Vol. 30, No. 2, March-April, 1987, pp. 34-37

Colton, R.M., "Status Report on the NSF University/Industry Cooperative Research Centers", Research Management, Vol. 28, No. 6, November-December, 1985, pp. 25-31

Colton, R.M., "National Science Foundation Experience with University-Industry Centers for Scientific Research and Technological Innovation (An Analysis of Issues, Characteristics and Criteria for their Establishment)", Technovation, Vol. 1, No. 2, August, 1981, pp. 97-108

Colton, R.M., "The NSF Innovation Center Experiment", Mechanical Engineering, Vol. 102, No. 8, August, 1980, pp. 26-27

Conceição, Pedro and Heitor, Manuel V., "On the Role of the University in the Knowledge Economy", Science and Public Policy, Vol. 26, No. 1, February, 1999, pp. 37-

Conceição, Pedro and Heitor, Manuel V. and Oliveira, P., "University-based Technology Licensing in the Knowledge Based Economy", Technovation, Vol. 18, No. 10, October, 1998, pp. 615-625

Cook, Tim, Dwek, Raymond, Blumberg, Baruch and Hockaday, Tom, "Commercialising University Research: Threats and Opportunities -- The Oxford Model", Capitalism and Society, Vol. 3, No. 1, 2008, Article 4

Cooper, M.J., "Universities and the Private Sector - Opportunities for Mutual Gain in the Decade Ahead", Journal of the Society of Research Administrators, Vol. 10, No. 3, Winter, 1979, pp. 27- 31

Corsten, Hans, "Problems with Cooperation Between Universities and Enterprises - A Comparative Study on Size of Enterprise", Technovation, Vol. 6, No. 4, September, 1987, pp. 295-301

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