Section Thirty Eight

Women in Engineering and Science


Modified: August 8, 2016

Alic, Margaret, "Hypatia's Heritage: A History of Women in Science from Antiquity to the Late Nineteenth Century", London: The Women's Press Limited, 1986

Bachtold, L.M. and Werner, E.E., "The Personality Characteristics of Women Scientists", Psychological Reports, Vol. 31, No. 2, 1972, pp. 391-396

Bailyn, Lotte, "Experiencing Technical Work: A Comparison of Male and Female Engineers", Human Relations, Vol. 40, No. 5, May, 1987, pp. 299-312

Bowling, Jill and Martin, Brian, "Science: A Masculine Disorder?", Science and Public Policy, Vol. 12, No. 6, December, 1985, pp. 308-316

Cole, J.R. and Zuckerman, Harriet, "Marriage and Motherhood and Research Performance in Science", Scientific American, Vol. 256, No. 2, February, 1987, pp. 119-125

Etzkowitz, Henry et al, "The Paradox of Critical Mass for Women in Science", Science, Vol. 266, 1994, pp. 51-54

Etzkowitz, Henry, Kemelgor, Carol, Neuschatz, Michael and Uzzi, Brian, "Athena Unbound: Barriers to Women in Academic Science and Engineering", Science and Public Policy, Vol. 19, No. 3, June, 1992, pp. 157-179

Everts, Saskia, "Gender and Technology: Empowering Women, Engendering Development", New York: St. Martin's Press, 1999

Finn, M.G., "Understanding the Higher Unemployment Rate of Women Scientists and Engineers", The American Economic Review, Vol. 73, No. 5, December, 1983, pp. 1137-1140

Gabor, Andrea, "Cracking the Glass Ceiling in R&D", Research-Technology Management, Vol. 37, No. 5, September-October, 1994, pp. 14-19

Gwynne, Peter, "Introducing Women to Intrapreneurial Thinking", Research-Technology Management, Vol. 48, No. 4, July-August, 2005, pp. 4-5

Haas, V.B. and Perrucci, C.C., eds., "Women in Scientific and Engineering Professions", Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, 1984

Hauth, Amy and Humble, Jane, "Family-Care Policies in the High- Tech Workplace: It's a Good Investment", Industrial Management, Vol. 34, No. 6, November/December, 1992, pp. 11-14

Helbing, Caren C., Verhoef, Marja J. and Wellington, Cheryl L., "Gender and the Postdoctoral Experience", Science and Public Policy, Vol. 25, No. 4, August, 1998, pp. 255-264

Herman, Clem, Lewis, Suzan and Humbert, Anne L., "Women Scientists and Engineers in European Companies: Putting Motherhood Under the Microscope", Gender, Work and Organization, Vol. 20, No. 5, September, 2013, pp. 467-478

Hersh, Marion, "The Changing Position of Women in Engineering Worldwide", IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, Vol. 47, No. 3, August, 2000, pp. 345-359

Kahle, J.B., Lakes, M.K. and Cho, H.H., "An Assessment of the Impact of Science Experiences on the Career Choice of Male and Female Biology Students", Journal of Research in Science Teaching, Vol. 22, No. 5, 1985, pp. 385-394

Keller, E.F., "The Wo/man Scientist: Issues of Sex and Gender in the Pursuit of Science", in The Outer Circle: Women in the Scientific Community, Harriet Zuckerman, Jonathan Cole and John Bruer, eds., New York: Norton, 1991

Link, Albert N. and Link, Jaime R., "Women in Science: An Exploratory Analysis of Trends in the United States", Science and Public Policy, Vol. 26, No. 6, December, 1999, pp. 437-442

National Academies, "Beyond Bias and Barriers: Fulfilling the Promise of Women in Academic Science and Engineering", U.S. National Academies Committee on Maximizing the Potential of Women in Academic Science and Engingineering, Washington, DC: National Academies Press, 2006,

National Research Council (U.S.), "Women Scientists and Engineers Employed in Industry: Why So Few?", Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1993

National Science Foundation, "Women and Minorities in Science and Engineering", Washington, DC: National Science Foundation, 1988

Northrup, H.R., "Professional Women in R&D Laboratories", Research-Technology Management, Vol. 31, No. 4, July-August, 1988, pp. 44-51

Okeke, E.A.C., "Attracting Women into Science-based Occupations: Problems and Prospects", Science and Public Policy, Vol. 13, No. 3, June, 1986, pp. 147-154

Rasmussen, Bente and Håpnes, Tove, "Excluding Women from the Technologies of the Future: A Case Study of the Culture of Computer Science", Futures, Vol. 23, No. 10, December, 1991, pp. 1107-1119

Rhoten, Diana and Phirman, Stephanie, "Women in Interdisciplinary Science: Exploring Preferences and Consequences", Research Policy, Vol. 36, No. 1, February, 2007, pp. 56-75

Scott, Joan, "Disadvantage of Women by the Ordinary Processes of Science: The Case of Informal Collaboration", in Despite the Odds: Essays on Canadian Women and Science, Marianne Ainley, Montreal, Quebec: Vehicule Press, 1990

Shelley, Suzanne, "Women Engineers: The Playing Field Isn't Level", Chemical Engineering, Vol. 96, No. 12, December, 1989, pp. 47-48

Sonnert, Gerhard and Holton, Gerald, "Gender Differences in Science Careers: The Project Access Study", New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1995

Sonnert, Gerhard and Holton, Gerald, "Who Succeeds in Science? The Gender Dimension", New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1995

Sridhar, M.S., "Information and Communication Behaviour of Women Space Technologists", R&D Management, Vol. 17, No. 4, October, 1987, pp. 301-309

Stolte-Heiskanen, Veronica, "Handmaidens of the `Knowledge Class': Women in Science in Finland", in Women in Science: Token Women or Gender Equality?, Veronica Stolte-Heiskenen, ed., Oxford/New York: Berg Publishers, 1991

Svein, Kyvick, "Motherhood and Scientific Productivity", Social Studies of Science, Vol. 20, No. 1, February, 1990, pp. 149-160

Tartari, Valentina and Salter, Ammon, "The Engagement Gap: Exploring Gener Differences in University-Industry Collaboration Activities", Research Policy, Vol. 44, No. 6, July, 2015, pp. 1178-1191

Tokunaga, Howard and Graham, Tracy, "Career Progression in a Fortune 500 Company: Examination of the `Glass Ceiling'", IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, Vol. 43, No. 3, August, 1996, pp. 262-272

Weidman, J.C., White, R.N. and Swartz, B.K., "Training Women on Welfare for `High-Tech' Jobs: Results from a Demonstration Program", Evaluation and Program Planning, Vol. 11, No. 2, 1988, pp. 105-114

Wertheim, Margaret, "Pythagoras' Trousers: God, Physics, and the Gender Wars", London, UK: Fourth Estate Ltd., 1997

Williams, F.M. and Emerson, C.J., "Feedback Loops and Critical Mass: The Flow of Women into Science and Engineering", GASAT 10, Copenhagen, Denmark, July 4-6, 2001

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